Divisions of the Nervous System

Orientation and Planes?

Terms used when describing neuroanatomical structures and their relationship to each other.

Embryonic Development

The Brain

The Spinal Cord

References for this Course?

References for additional review/reading!
Orientation and Planes

Orientation and Planes

When describing anatomical locations, we use terms such as rostral, dorsal, caudal, ventral, anterior, posterior, superior, inferior. This can be confusing. Review the orientations below. Note how the superior, inferior, anterior, and posterior terminology remains constant while the ventral, dorsal, caudal, rostral terminology changes depending on whether we are referring to structures below or above the midbrain-diencephalic junction. 

The Planes below are commonly used to describe sections of brain in dissection or in neuroimaging techniques. Review the most common planes below. 

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