Orientation and Planes
When describing anatomical locations, we use terms such as rostral, dorsal, caudal, ventral, anterior, posterior, superior, inferior. This can be confusing. Review the orientations below. Note how the superior, inferior, anterior, and posterior terminology remains constant while the ventral, dorsal, caudal, rostral terminology changes depending on whether we are referring to structures below or above the midbrain-diencephalic junction.
The Planes below are commonly used to describe sections of brain in dissection or in neuroimaging techniques. Review the most common planes below.